The relation of residential segregation to all-cause mortality: a study in black and white

Am J Public Health. 2000 Apr;90(4):615-7. doi: 10.2105/ajph.90.4.615.


Objectives: This study investigated the influence of an aggregate measure of the social environment on racial differences in all-cause mortality.

Methods: Data from the National Longitudinal Mortality Study were analyzed.

Results: After adjustment for family income, age-adjusted mortality risk increased with increasing minority residential segregation among Blacks aged 25 to 44 years and non-Blacks aged 45 to 64 years. In most age/race/gender groups, the highest and lowest mortality risks occurred in the highest and lowest categories of residential segregation, respectively.

Conclusions: These results suggest that minority residential segregation may influence mortality risk and underscore the traditional emphasis on the social underpinnings of disease and death.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Cause of Death*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prejudice*
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Distribution
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Whites / statistics & numerical data*