Interacting signal pathways control defense gene expression in Arabidopsis in response to cell wall-degrading enzymes from Erwinia carotovora

Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2000 Apr;13(4):430-8. doi: 10.1094/MPMI.2000.13.4.430.


We have characterized the role of salicylic acid (SA)-independent defense signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana in response to the plant pathogen Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora. Use of pathway-specific target genes as well as signal mutants allowed us to elucidate the role and interactions of ethylene, jasmonic acid (JA), and SA signal pathways in this response. Gene expression studies suggest a central role for both ethylene and JA pathways in the regulation of defense gene expression triggered by the pathogen or by plant cell wall-degrading enzymes (CF) secreted by the pathogen. Our results suggest that ethylene and JA act in concert in this regulation. In addition, CF triggers another, strictly JA-mediated response inhibited by ethylene and SA. SA does not appear to have a major role in activating defense gene expression in response to CF. However, SA may have a dual role in controlling CF-induced gene expression, by enhancing the expression of genes synergistically induced by ethylene and JA and repressing genes induced by JA alone.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis / microbiology
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Cell Wall / enzymology
  • Cell Wall / microbiology
  • Culture Media
  • Cyclopentanes / metabolism
  • Ethylenes / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant*
  • Oxylipins
  • Pectobacterium carotovorum / enzymology
  • Pectobacterium carotovorum / pathogenicity*
  • Plant Growth Regulators / metabolism
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Salicylic Acid / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / genetics*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Culture Media
  • Cyclopentanes
  • Ethylenes
  • Oxylipins
  • Plant Growth Regulators
  • jasmonic acid
  • ethylene
  • Salicylic Acid