Pharmacokinetics of carboplatin administered in combination with the bradykinin agonist Cereport (RMP-7) for the treatment of brain tumours

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2000;45(4):284-90. doi: 10.1007/s002800050042.

Abstract

Introduction: Cereport (RMP-7) is a novel bradykinin agonist which is being developed as a modulator of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In order to investigate the pharmacokinetics of carboplatin in combination with Cereport, we performed pharmacological studies in conjunction with early clinical trials.

Methods: Pharmacokinetic samples were collected from eight patients in a phase I study (Cereport 100-300 ng/ kg) and ten patients in a phase II study (Cereport 300 ng/kg). Pharmacokinetic parameters for carboplatin were compared with respect to the dose of Cereport and with historical controls.

Results: Cereport combined with carboplatin was well-tolerated, with mild haematological toxicities consistent with the target area under the concentration time curve (AUC) of 7 mg/ml x min. Although the clearance of carboplatin was within the range reported for this drug alone, the addition of Cereport resulted in a higher than expected carboplatin AUC. This effect was related to the dose of Cereport in the phase I study (AUC values 104-133% of target, Spearman rank correlation coefficient = 0.71, P < 0.001). The higher than expected AUC value was confirmed in the phase II study (AUC values 106-189% of target).

Conclusions: Co-administration of Cereport with carboplatin may result in a greater than predicted AUC. The mechanism of this possible interaction remains to be determined, although this did not result in any increased toxicity. Thus, the clinical potential of this combination in the treatment of brain tumours warrants further investigation.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase I
  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Agents / blood
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Area Under Curve
  • Astrocytoma / drug therapy*
  • Blood Proteins / metabolism
  • Blood-Brain Barrier / drug effects
  • Bradykinin / agonists*
  • Bradykinin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Bradykinin / pharmacokinetics
  • Bradykinin / therapeutic use
  • Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Carboplatin / blood
  • Carboplatin / pharmacokinetics
  • Carboplatin / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Glioblastoma / drug therapy*
  • Glioma / drug therapy*
  • Half-Life
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Protein Binding

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Blood Proteins
  • RMP 7
  • Carboplatin
  • Bradykinin