Regulation of extracellular matrix proteins by transforming growth factor beta1 in cultured pulmonary endothelial cells

Cell Biol Int. 1999;23(1):61-72. doi: 10.1006/cbir.1998.0325.

Abstract

Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta1), which is present in lung tissue, has been suggested to play a role in modulating vascular cell function in vivo. The action of TGF-beta1 in vivo, especially at the local site of application to connective tissue, is anabolic and leads to pulmonary fibrosis and angiogenesis, strongly indicating that TGF-beta may have practical applications in repair of tissue injury caused by burns, trauma, or surgery. In the present study, we have used cultured bovine pulmonary artery endothelial (BPAE) cells as a model system. Expression of various proteins, including SPARC (secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteines), type IV procollagen and fibronectin (FN) was examined by radiolabeling the cells with [3H]proline, immunoprecipitation with specific antibodies, and Northern blot analyses by using specific cDNA probes. Cultured cells were labeled with [3H]proline for 24 h in either the absence or in the presence of TGF-beta1 (0-20 ng/ml). Incorporation of radioactivity was observed in a concentration-dependent manner, maximal at 5 ng/ml. Northern blot hybridization demonstrated that TGF-beta1 (5 ng/ml) treatment of BPAE cells caused an increase in steady-state levels

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Cattle
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism*
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Lung
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta