The role of tubulointerstitial injury in chronic renal failure

Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 2000 Mar;9(2):133-8. doi: 10.1097/00041552-200003000-00006.


Progressive renal failure results from a triad of glomerulosclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis and vascular sclerosis. The mechanisms by which tubules are injured, and by which the tubular epithelial cell then excites interstitial inflammation culminating in fibroblast activation and fibrosis have become increasingly understood. Most current methods to prevent progressive glomerulosclerosis would inherently prevent tubular injury and interstitial fibrosis. The behaviour and control of the renal fibroblast is being investigated, with the potential for direct interference with its functions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disease Progression
  • Fibroblasts
  • Fibrosis / complications
  • Fibrosis / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / etiology*
  • Kidney Tubules / pathology*