Preconception care of women with diabetes: the unrevealed obstacles

J Matern Fetal Med. Jan-Feb 2000;9(1):10-3. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6661(200001/02)9:1<10::AID-MFM4>3.0.CO;2-Z.


In spite of the widely accepted knowledge that elevated blood glucose levels in early pregnancy are associated with a significantly increased risk of birth defects in infants of women with established diabetes, the majority of diabetic women do not plan their pregnancies and enter pregnancy with inadequate blood glucose control. This article reviews the current research on circumstances and factors associated with unplanned diabetic pregnancies and offers recommendations to encourage effective pregnancy planning and preconception care among women with diabetes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Congenital Abnormalities / etiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Preconception Care*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy in Diabetics* / complications
  • Pregnancy in Diabetics* / therapy