Idiomarina gen. nov., comprising novel indigenous deep-sea bacteria from the Pacific Ocean, including descriptions of two species, Idiomarina abyssalis sp. nov. and Idiomarina zobellii sp. nov

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2000 Mar;50 Pt 2:901-907. doi: 10.1099/00207713-50-2-901.

Abstract

Two bacterial strains, KMM 227T and 231T, were isolated from seawater samples collected from the north-western Pacific Ocean at a depth of 4000-5000 m and were characterized using polyphasic taxonomy. Both were Gram-negative, psychrotolerant, heterotrophic, aerobic and required NaCl for growth (0.6-15.0%). The temperature for growth was 4-30 degrees C. Both strains were rod-shaped, with a single flagellum. However, strain KMM 231T revealed a single long fimbrium. Cellular fatty acids detected in the isolates were predominantly odd-numbered and iso-branched, with 15 and 17 carbons (ca. 70%). Also present were saturated and monounsaturated straight-chain fatty acids. Results of phylogenetic analyses, employing three tree-making methods, strongly indicated that the two strains formed a distinct lineage within a clade containing the genera Alteromonas, Colwellia and Pseudoalteromonas, in the gamma-Proteobacteria. The two strains shared 16S rDNA sequence similarity of 96.9% and genomic DNA relatedness of 27%; the latter was determined by dot-blot hybridization. The strains were differentiated by the presence of fimbria, production of chitinase, ability to grow on 15% NaCl and BIOLOG profiles. Given the polyphasic evidence accumulated in this study, it is proposed that the two deep-sea isolates be classified in the genus Idiomarina gen. nov., as Idiomarina abyssalis sp. nov. (type strain is KMM 227T) and Idiomarina zobellii sp. nov. (type strain is KMM 231T).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Composition
  • DNA, Bacterial / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • DNA, Ribosomal / chemistry
  • DNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • Fatty Acids / analysis
  • Gram-Negative Aerobic Bacteria / classification*
  • Gram-Negative Aerobic Bacteria / cytology
  • Gram-Negative Aerobic Bacteria / isolation & purification
  • Gram-Negative Aerobic Bacteria / physiology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phenotype
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Seawater / microbiology*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Water Microbiology

Substances

  • DNA, Bacterial
  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • Fatty Acids
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF052740
  • GENBANK/AF052741