Congenital and neonatal varicella in Australia

J Paediatr Child Health. 2000 Apr;36(2):108-13. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-1754.2000.00474.x.


Objective: To establish the incidence and severity of congenital and neonatal varicella in Australia.

Methodology: Demographic and clinical details were obtained by postal questionnaire regarding cases notified to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit by over 930 participating clinicians in 1995-97 inclusive.

Results: Seven cases of congenital varicella (1: 107 000 pregnancies/year) followed maternal infection at 8-26 weeks: five had defects, two did not. Four of the seven infants with congenital varicella developed herpes zoster in the first 15 months of life. Forty-four infants had neonatal varicella (1: 17 000 pregnancies/year).

Conclusion: : There is an ongoing, albeit low, incidence of congenital and neonatal varicella in Australia.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Chickenpox / congenital*
  • Chickenpox / epidemiology*
  • Chickenpox / transmission
  • Female
  • Herpes Zoster / epidemiology
  • Herpes Zoster / transmission
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical
  • Male