Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 mutation in nonsyndromic coronal synostosis: clinical spectrum, prevalence, and surgical outcome

J Neurosurg. 2000 Apr;92(4):631-6. doi: 10.3171/jns.2000.92.4.0631.


Object: A recurrent point mutation in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene that converts proline 250 into arginine has been reported recently in cases of apparently nonsyndromic coronal craniosynostosis. The goal of the present study was to examine the phenotype of patients in whom this mutation was present, to determine the prevalence of the condition, and to assess the functional and the morphological outcome of the surgically treated patients.

Methods: A DNA analysis was performed in 103 children suffering from apparently isolated coronal synostosis, 41 of whom had bilateral and 62 of whom had unilateral disease. There were 31 boys and 72 girls in the study group. Sixty cases were sporadic and 43 were familial; the 43 familial cases arose in 33 unrelated families. The mutation was found in seven (12%) of 60 sporadic cases and in 24 (73%) of the 33 families. The functional and morphological results were assessed in all surgically treated patients who had at least 1 year of follow up and who were at least 3 years of age at the time of assessment. A comparison was made between patients with the mutation and those without.

Conclusions: The most typical presentation was seen in girls and consisted of a bicoronal synostosis resulting in a severe brachycephaly associated with mild hypertelorism and marked bulging of the temporal fossae, which resulted in a huge enlargement of the upper part of the face. The most frequently associated extracranial anomaly was brachydactyly, identified either clinically or radiologically. Based on the proportion of bilateral and unilateral coronal synostoses, the present data indicate that the mutation is associated with more severe cases and that girls with the mutation are more severely affected than boys. The functional and morphological results were worse in patients in whom the mutation was present as compared with those in whom it was not.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Arginine / genetics
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Craniosynostoses / genetics*
  • Craniosynostoses / surgery
  • DNA / genetics
  • Female
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors / genetics*
  • Fingers / abnormalities
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Frontal Bone / abnormalities*
  • Frontal Bone / surgery
  • Humans
  • Hypertelorism / pathology
  • Intelligence / genetics
  • Male
  • Parietal Bone / abnormalities*
  • Parietal Bone / surgery
  • Phenotype
  • Point Mutation / genetics*
  • Prevalence
  • Proline / genetics
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases*
  • Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3
  • Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor / genetics*
  • Sex Factors
  • Skull / abnormalities
  • Temporal Bone / abnormalities
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors
  • DNA
  • Arginine
  • Proline
  • FGFR3 protein, human
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3