Dysfunction of the Wilms' Tumour gene (WT1), a transcription factor critical for normal development and function of the urogenital tract, can result in both tumourigenesis [corrected] and urogenital abnormalities. The association of WT1 gene mutations with most cases of Denys-Drash syndrome is well described. More recently WT1 mutations have also been described in a related condition, Frasier syndrome. We report a case where genetic analysis showed a WT1 mutation typically associated with Frasier syndrome: a 1228 + 5 guanine to adenine substitution at the 3' alternative splice donor site in intron 9. The case provides a focus for the discussion of recent evidence that Denys Drash and Frasier syndrome form two ends of a spectrum of disorders. In addition, it illustrates the increasing significance of genetic investigation within clinical practice for diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic purposes and the importance of karyotype analysis in phenotypically normal girls with renal disease.