A comparative study of a new rapid and one-step test for the detection of parvovirus in faeces from dogs, cats and mink

J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2000 Mar;47(2):145-53. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0450.2000.00328.x.


A one-step immunochromatographic test, based on the use of monoclonal antibodies, was developed for the detection of canine parvovirus (CPV) in dog faeces. In addition to canine parvovirus the test can also be used for the diagnosis of infections with viruses causing parvovirus enteritis in cats (feline panleukopenia virus) and mink (mink enteritis virus). Four hundred and forty-three faecal samples were evaluated by comparative testing between this one-step test and three different enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) in Sweden, Denmark and The Netherlands. The result of the evaluation showed an overall relative sensitivity and specificity of 95.8 and 99.7%, respectively. Furthermore, the comparative testing of 83 dog samples in Germany between the one-step test and an immune electron microscopy (IEM) agreed to 85.5%. The sensitivity and specificity were 83.9 and 88.9%, respectively. These results show that the one-step test is a rapid, simple, reproducible and sensitive diagnostic test for the detection of parvovirus in faecal samples of dogs, cats and mink.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Cat Diseases / diagnosis
  • Cat Diseases / virology*
  • Cats
  • Dog Diseases / diagnosis
  • Dog Diseases / virology*
  • Dogs
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / veterinary
  • Feces / virology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Microscopy, Immunoelectron / veterinary
  • Microspheres
  • Mink / virology*
  • Parvoviridae Infections / diagnosis
  • Parvoviridae Infections / veterinary*
  • Parvoviridae Infections / virology
  • Parvovirus, Canine / immunology
  • Parvovirus, Canine / isolation & purification*
  • Reagent Kits, Diagnostic / veterinary*
  • Reagent Kits, Diagnostic / virology
  • Sensitivity and Specificity


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Reagent Kits, Diagnostic