Cellular immune responses in neonates

Int Rev Immunol. 2000;19(2-3):173-93. doi: 10.3109/08830180009088504.


Reduced numbers of lymphocytes and antigen presenting cells have been described as some of the main factors responsible for antigenic tolerance or low responsiveness in neonates. However, by changing the parameters of immunization, such as dose of antigen and frequency of antigen presenting cells we and others have shown that neonates have the option of developing the same variety of immune responses seen in adults. Several aspects of the development of cellular immunity in human and murine neonates are reviewed in this article, with a special focus on the development of T cell mediated responses, from ontogeny to effector function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological / immunology
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Cellular / immunology
  • Infant, Newborn / immunology*
  • Mice
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • Vaccines / immunology


  • Vaccines