Effects of oncogenic ErbB2 on G1 cell cycle regulators in breast tumour cells

Oncogene. 2000 Mar 23;19(13):1647-56. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1203470.

Abstract

The ErbB2 receptor tyrosine kinase is overexpressed in a variety of human tumours. In order to understand the mechanism by which ErbB2 mediates tumour proliferation we have functionally inactivated the receptor using an intracellularly expressed, ER-targeted single-chain antibody (scFV-5R). Inducible expression of scFv-5R in the ErbB2-overexpressing SKBr3 breast tumour cell line leads to loss of plasma membrane localized ErbB2. Simultaneously, the activity of ErbB3, MAP kinase and PKB/Akt decreased dramatically, suggesting that active ErbB2/ErbB3 dimers are necessary for sustained activity of these kinases. Loss of functional ErbB2 caused the SKBr3 tumour cells to accumulate in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. This was a result of reduction in CDK2 activity, which was mediated by a re-distribution of p27Kip1 from sequestering complexes to cyclin E/CDK2 complexes. The level of c-Myc and D-cyclins, proteins involved in p27KiP1 sequestration, decreased in the absence of functional ErbB2. Ectopic expression of c-Myc led to an increase in D cyclin levels, CDK2 activity and resulted in a partial G1 rescue. We propose that c-Myc is a primary effector of ErbB2-mediated oncogenicity and functions to prevent normal p27Kip1 control of cyclinE/CDK2.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology*
  • CDC2-CDC28 Kinases*
  • Carcinoma / metabolism
  • Carcinoma / pathology*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins*
  • Cell Division
  • Cyclin D
  • Cyclin E / metabolism
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases / metabolism
  • Cyclins / metabolism
  • Dimerization
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / immunology
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism*
  • Female
  • G1 Phase / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments / biosynthesis
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments / immunology*
  • MAP Kinase Signaling System
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins / metabolism
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 / metabolism
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Neoplasm Proteins / immunology
  • Neoplasm Proteins / physiology*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / metabolism
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / chemistry
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / drug effects
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / physiology*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins*

Substances

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cyclin D
  • Cyclin E
  • Cyclins
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • immunoglobulin Fv
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27
  • Receptor, ErbB-2
  • AKT1 protein, human
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • CDC2-CDC28 Kinases
  • CDK2 protein, human
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases