The role of job control as a moderator of emotional dissonance and emotional intelligence-outcome relationships

J Psychol. 2000 Mar;134(2):169-84. doi: 10.1080/00223980009600860.


Job control may be defined as the latitude to make decisions and the freedom to select the most appropriate skills to complete the task. Emotional dissonance may be defined as the conflict between expressed and experienced emotions. In this study, job control and self-efficacy were theorized to jointly affect emotional dissonance. Individuals with high self-efficacy were found to be more satisfied under conditions of little job control, whereas those with low self-efficacy favored high job control. The impact of job control on emotional intelligence was also studied. Emotional intelligence may be defined as the set of skills that contribute to accurate self-appraisal of emotion as well as the detection of emotional cues in others and the use of feelings to motivate and achieve in one's life. Emotional intelligence and job control explained significant amounts of the variance in both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Awareness
  • Conflict, Psychological*
  • Emotions*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control*
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation
  • Organizational Culture
  • Personnel Downsizing / psychology