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, 275 (16), 11852-7

p300 and p300/cAMP-responsive Element-Binding Protein Associated Factor Interact With Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus type-1 Tax in a Multi-Histone Acetyltransferase/Activator-Enhancer Complex

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p300 and p300/cAMP-responsive Element-Binding Protein Associated Factor Interact With Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus type-1 Tax in a Multi-Histone Acetyltransferase/Activator-Enhancer Complex

R Harrod et al. J Biol Chem.

Abstract

The human T-cell lymphotropic virus, type (HTLV)-1 trans-activator, Tax, coordinates with cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB) and the transcriptional co-activators p300/CBP on three 21-base pair repeat elements in the proviral long terminal repeat (LTR) to promote viral mRNA transcription. Recruitment of p300/CBP to the activator-enhancer complex, however, is insufficient to support Tax-dependent LTR trans-activation. Here, we report that the p300/CBP-associated factor (P/CAF) is a critical and integral component of the functional HTLV-1 activator-enhancer complex. The HTLV-1 Tax protein directly binds P/CAF in vitro and co-immunoprecipitates with this co-activator in vivo. The Tax mutants (K88A and V89A) defective for p300/CBP-binding and LTR trans-activation, retained their abilities to interact with P/CAF. The M47 mutant (L319R, L320S) protein, which has previously been shown to interact with p300/CBP, by contrast, failed to form complexes with P/CAF and is impaired in LTR trans-activation. Furthermore, LTR trans-activation by Tax is competitively inhibited by the adenoviral E1A 12S gene product, which displaces P/CAF from p300/CBP and inhibits the histone acetyltransferase activities of both P/CAF and p300/CBP. This inhibition is partially reversed by exogenously added P/CAF. These results imply that simultaneous recruitment of two distinct co-activators (p300/CBP and P/CAF) by Tax is essential for the assembly of a trans-activation competent, nucleoprotein complex.

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