Treatment of facial dog bite injuries in children: a retrospective study

J Pediatr Surg. 2000 Apr;35(4):580-3. doi: 10.1053/jpsu.2000.0350580.


Purpose: The authors assess their approach to immediate surgical repair with general anesthesia of facial dog bites in children over a 10-year period in their pediatric department.

Methods: The authors reviewed a series of 100 children (59 boys, 41 girls) who required immediate surgical intervention during the first hours after admission between 1985 and 1995. Strict disinfection was always used to preclude the risk of rabies, and parenteral antibiotherapy was used to avoid aero-anaerobic infections.

Results: A total of 68% of children were below 5 years of age. The most frequent injury was to the midface. Associated injuries or death were not observed. One case of postoperative wound infection was noted. Four surgical revisions were performed because of unsightly scars, but in most children the scar had attenuated 1 year after injury.

Conclusions: The aim of immediate surgical repair is to obtain a satisfactory cosmetic result and to avoid infections. Better cosmetic results (4 cases of scar revisions) with a minimal risk of wound infections (1 cheek wound infection) are obtained.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Animals
  • Bites and Stings / surgery*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dogs*
  • Facial Injuries / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male