Karyotype analysis of Tetraodon nigroviridis, a pufferfish of the family Tetraodontidae with a small compact genome (385 Mb) which is currently being investigated in our laboratory, indicates that this species has 2n = 42 chromosomes. The small chromosome size (the largest pair measuring less than 3 microm) has complicated accurate chromosome pairing based on morphology alone. DAPI staining, however, provides a banding-like pattern. Because of quantitative variations of some heterochromatin classes, the chromosome formula can not be established precisely, but is estimated to include approximately 20 meta- or submetacentric chromosomes and 22 subtelocentric chromosomes. A centromeric satellite, telomeric repeats, and the major and minor rRNA clusters have been localized unequivocally by FISH. As a result, the 28S and 5S rDNA sequences can be used as chromosome-specific probes.
Copyright 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel