Shamouti phosphofructokinase (PFP) activation depends on the presence of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (Fru-2,6-P2) in the glycolytic reaction. The effect of activation by Fru-2,6-P2 differs considerably, however, according to the buffer (pH 8.0) in which the reaction is performed: Ka = 2.77 +/- 0.3 nM in Hepes-NaOH and 7.75 +/- 1.49 nM in Tris-HCl. The presence of chloride ions (39 mM) in the Tris-HCl buffer inhibits PFP. Indeed, when using a Hepes-NaOH buffer and then adding 39 mM NaCl, Ka = 8.12 +/- 0.52 nM. The Ki for chloride ions is approximately 21.7 mM. In the gluconeogenic reaction, Shamouti PFP generally showed a high endogenous activity. Addition of Fru-2,6-P2 did not modify the velocity and the Vmax of the enzyme; however, its presence increased the affinity of the enzyme for Fru-1,6-P2 from 200 +/- 15.6 microM in absence of Fru-2,6-P2 to 89 +/- 10.3 microM in its presence (10 microM). In the presence of chloride (39 mM), the affinity for the substrate decreased with K(m) = 150 +/- 14 microM. The calculated Ki for chloride ions equals 56.9 mM. In both the glycolytic and the gluconeogenic reactions, Vmax is not affected; therefore, the inhibition mode of chloride is competitive.