Cloning and characterization of the murine glucosamine-6-phosphate acetyltransferase EMeg32. Differential expression and intracellular membrane association

J Biol Chem. 2000 Apr 28;275(17):12821-32. doi: 10.1074/jbc.275.17.12821.


N-Linked glycosylation is a post-translational modification occurring in many eukaryotic secreted and surface-bound proteins and has impact on diverse physiological and pathological processes. Similarly important is the generation of glycosylphosphatidylinositol linkers, which anchor membrane proteins to the cell. Both protein modifications depend on the central nucleotide sugar UDP-N-acetylglucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc). The enzymatic reactions leading to generation of nucleotide sugars are established, yet most of the respective genes still await cloning. We describe the characterization of such a gene, EMeg32, which we identified based on its differential expression in murine hematopoietic precursor cells. We further demonstrate regulated expression during embryogenesis. EMeg32 codes for a 184-amino acid protein exhibiting glucosamine-6-phosphate acetyltransferase activity. It thereby holds a key position in the pathway toward de novo UDP-GlcNAc synthesis. Surprisingly, the protein associates with the cytoplasmic side of various intracellular membranes, accumulates prior to mitosis, and copurifies with the cdc48 homolog p97/valosin-containing protein.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetyltransferases / genetics*
  • Acetyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cell Fractionation
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / metabolism
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Embryo, Mammalian / metabolism
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Library
  • Glucosamine 6-Phosphate N-Acetyltransferase
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Intracellular Membranes / enzymology*
  • Mice
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Retroviridae / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Time Factors
  • Tissue Distribution


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Acetyltransferases
  • Glucosamine 6-Phosphate N-Acetyltransferase
  • Gnpnat1 protein, mouse

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AJ001006