The present study was conducted to evaluate the activity and toxicity profile of radiation (RT) and concomitant chemotherapy in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Thirty-nine patients were treated postoperatively with RT and concomitant administration of paclitaxel. Cranial irradiation was initiated 2-3 weeks postoperatively and was administered in 2.0 fractions, one fraction per day, for 5 consecutive days per week, to a total of 60 Gy. Paclitaxel was delivered at a dose of 100 mg/m2 over 3-h once weekly for 6 weeks. Thirty-three patients received all 6 cycles of paclitaxel according to the protocol. Totally, 217 cycles were delivered all of them at full dose. The median relative dose intensity of paclitaxel was 1 (range 0.88-1.1). Three (7.5%) patients achieved complete and 9 (23%) partial response, while 12 (30.5%) patients demonstrated stabilization of the disease. Side effects from combined chemoradiotherapy were mainly mild. Grade III toxicity included infection (7.5%) and alopecia (5%). Median time to progression was 6 (range 0.9-27) months and median survival 10.7 (range 0.9-39.5+) months. The present study has clearly shown that 100 mg/m2 of paclitaxel in 1-h infusion weekly can be safely given concomitantly with RT in patients with GBM with manageable toxicity. However, the efficacy of this combined modality treatment does not appear to be superior to that of RT alone.