p300 and p300/cAMP-response element-binding protein-associated factor acetylate the androgen receptor at sites governing hormone-dependent transactivation

J Biol Chem. 2000 Jul 7;275(27):20853-60. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M000660200.


The androgen receptor (AR) is a sequence-specific DNA-binding protein that plays a key role in prostate cancer cellular proliferation by dihydrotestosterone and the induction of secondary sexual characteristics. In this study we demonstrate that the AR can be modified by acetylation in vitro and in vivo. p300 and p300/cAMP-response element-binding protein acetylated the AR at a highly conserved lysine-rich motif carboxyl-terminal to the zinc finger DNA-binding domain. [(14)C]acetate-labeling experiments demonstrated that AR acetylation by p300 in cultured cells requires the same residues identified in vitro. Point mutation of the AR acetylation site (K632A/K633A) abrogated dihydrotestosterone-dependent transactivation of the AR in cultured cells. Mutation of the p300 CH3 region or the p300/cAMP-response element-binding protein histone acetylase domain reduced ligand-dependent AR function. The identification of the AR as a direct target of histone acetyltransferase co-activators has important implications for targeting inhibitors of AR function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylation
  • Acetyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Binding Sites
  • CREB-Binding Protein
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism*
  • Dihydrotestosterone / pharmacology
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • Humans
  • Hydroxamic Acids / pharmacology
  • Lysine / genetics
  • Lysine / metabolism
  • Mutation
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Receptors, Androgen / genetics
  • Receptors, Androgen / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcriptional Activation
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Zinc Fingers
  • p300-CBP Transcription Factors


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Hydroxamic Acids
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Receptors, Androgen
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • Dihydrotestosterone
  • trichostatin A
  • Acetyltransferases
  • CREB-Binding Protein
  • CREBBP protein, human
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • p300-CBP Transcription Factors
  • p300-CBP-associated factor
  • Lysine