We report results from a systematic study to identify the molecular basis of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency on a sample of 299 male subjects from the Hellenic population. Our stepwise approach involved partial biochemical characterization and quantitation of the enzyme's activity, MboII restriction endonuclease digestion to identify the G6PD Mediterranean variant, which represents the most frequent G6PD variant in our population and a nonradioactive polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism methodology for the detection of the underlying molecular defect(s) in the rest of the non-Mediterranean G6PD-deficient individuals. Through this approach, six different G6PD variants were identified (G6PD Mediterranean, G6PD Hermoupolis, G6PD Cassano, G6PD Seattle, G6PD Ierapetra and G6PD Acrokorinthos), two of which were new (G6PD Hermoupolis, G6PD Acrokorinthos). In essence, this study underlines the remarkable genetic heterogeneity of the G6PD deficiency in the Hellenic population, while the finding of the double mutant, G6PD Hermoupolis, may help to outline the relationship and evolution of mutations in the human G6PD locus.
Copyright 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel