Candida Vaginitis: Self-Reported Incidence and Associated Costs

Sex Transm Dis. 2000 Apr;27(4):230-5. doi: 10.1097/00007435-200004000-00009.


Background and objectives: Incidence of Candida vaginitis by age and racial or ethnic group is poorly described.

Goal: Estimate incidence, cumulative probability of presumed C vaginitis by age, racial or ethnic group, and associated costs.

Study design: Random digit-dialing survey of 2000 US women.

Results: A total of 6.5 percent (95% CI, 5.4-7.5%) of women older than 18 years reported a least one episode of presumed C vaginitis during the previous 2 months. Women reporting a 1-year period with four or more episodes comprised 8.0% of the sample but accounted for 37.2% of women reporting episodes. Black women reported approximately three times more yeast infections in the previous 2 months (17.4%; 95% CI, 11.2-23.5%) than white women (5.8%; 95% CI, 4.7-6.9%).

Conclusion: The high incidence and the propensity for recurrence underscore the need for a better understanding of the epidemiology and pathogenesis, and stress the need for the development of more accurate, rapid diagnostics and effective treatments.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans*
  • Age Distribution
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal / economics*
  • Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal / epidemiology*
  • Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal / ethnology
  • Cost of Illness*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Middle Aged
  • Probability
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States / epidemiology