Pulmonary calcifications: a review

Respir Med. 2000 Mar;94(3):190-3. doi: 10.1053/rmed.1999.0716.


Pulmonary calcification is a common asymptomatic finding, usually discovered on routine chest X-ray or at autopsy. Pulmonary calcifications are caused mainly by two mechanisms: the dystrophic form and the metastatic form (1). Despite the different aetiologies, the pulmonary function and clinical manifestations are quite similar in both forms. We present a review of the clinical and radiology findings of the different aspects of pulmonary calcifications according to its pathogenesis and its anatomic distribution: parenchymal, lymphe node and pleural.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Calcinosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Calcinosis / etiology
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lung Diseases / etiology
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung Neoplasms / secondary
  • Pleural Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed