Low-income African-American mothers' perception of exposure to racial discrimination and infant birth weight

Epidemiology. 2000 May;11(3):337-9. doi: 10.1097/00001648-200005000-00019.

Abstract

We performed a hospital-based case-control study of African-American mothers to explore the relation between a mother's perception of exposure to racial discrimination during pregnancy and very low birth weight. We administered a structured questionnaire to low-income mothers of very low birth weight (<1500 gm; N = 25) and non-low birth weight (>2500 gm; N = 60) infants. The unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio of very low birth weight for maternal exposure to racial discrimination were 1.9 (0.5-6.6) and 3.2 (0.9-11.3), respectively. We conclude that maternal perception of exposure to racial discrimination during pregnancy may be associated with very low birth weight in their infants.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • African Americans*
  • Attitude
  • Birth Weight*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Poverty
  • Pregnancy
  • Prejudice*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Urban Population