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, 18 (9), 1876-87

Prognostic Impact of Trisomies of Chromosomes 10, 17, and 5 Among Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and High Hyperdiploidy (> 50 Chromosomes)

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Prognostic Impact of Trisomies of Chromosomes 10, 17, and 5 Among Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and High Hyperdiploidy (> 50 Chromosomes)

N A Heerema et al. J Clin Oncol.

Abstract

Purpose: Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and high hyperdiploidy (> 50 chromosomes) have improved outcome compared with other ALL patients. We sought to identify cytogenetic features that would predict differences in outcome within this low-risk subset of ALL patients.

Materials and methods: High-hyperdiploid ALL patients (N = 480) were enrolled between 1988 and 1995 on Children's Cancer Group (CCG) trials. Karyotypes were determined by conventional banding. Treatment outcome was analyzed by life-table methods.

Results: Patients with 54 to 58 chromosomes had better outcome than patients with 51 to 53 or 59 to 68 chromosomes (P = .0002). Patients with a trisomy of chromosome 10 (P<.0001), chromosome 17 (P = .0002), or chromosome 18 (P = .004) had significantly improved outcome compared with their counterparts who lacked the given trisomy. Patients with a trisomy of chromosome 5 had worse outcome than patients lacking this trisomy (P = .02). Patients with trisomies of both chromosomes 10 and 17 had better outcome than those with a trisomy of chromosome 10 (P = .09), a trisomy of chromosome 17 (P =.01), or neither trisomy (P<.0001). Multivariate analysis indicated that trisomy of chromosome 10 (P = .001) was the most significant prognostic factor for high-hyperdiploid patients, yet trisomy of chromosome 17 (P =.02) or chromosome 5 (P = .01) and modal chromosome number (P = .02) also had significant multivariate effects.

Conclusion: Trisomy of chromosomes 10 and 17 as well as modal chromosome number 54 to 58 identify subgroups of patients with high-hyperdiploid ALL who have a better outcome than high-hyperdiploid patients who lack these cytogenetic features. Trisomy of chromosome 5 confers poorer outcome among high-hyperdiploid patients.

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