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, 45 (7), 569-75

Effects of an Anticariogenic Casein Phosphopeptide on Calcium Diffusion in Streptococcal Model Dental Plaques

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Effects of an Anticariogenic Casein Phosphopeptide on Calcium Diffusion in Streptococcal Model Dental Plaques

R K Rose. Arch Oral Biol.

Abstract

Casein phosphopeptides (CPP) stabilize amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) and may be used to localize ACP in dental plaque, maintaining a state of supersaturation with respect to tooth enamel, reducing demineralization and enhancing remineralization. The aim here was to investigate these effects by measuring the effect of CPP-ACP on calcium diffusion in plaque. Using Dibdin's effusion system, calcium diffusion was measured in streptococcal model plaques. This demonstrated that by providing a large number of possible binding sites for calcium, 0.1% CPP-ACP reduces the calcium diffusion coefficient by about 65% at pH 7 and 35% at pH 5. Hence, CPP-ACP binds well to plaque, providing a large calcium reservoir within the plaque and slowing diffusion of free calcium. This is likely to restrict mineral loss during a cariogenic episode and provide a potential source of calcium for subsequent remineralization. Overall, once in place, CPP-ACP will restrict the caries process.

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