Interleukin-15 is a recently discovered cytokine produced by several cell types (including fibroblasts, keratinocytes, endothelial cells, and macrophages) in response to endotoxin or microbial infection. In turn, interleukin-15 has been shown to act on various cells of the immune system, including T and B lymphocytes, natural killer cells, monocytes, eosinophils, and circulating neutrophils. In the latter instance, interleukin-15 was initially observed to induce cytoskeletal rearrangements, to enhance phagocytosis, to increase the synthesis of several cellular proteins, and to delay apoptosis. Recently, interleukin-15 has been found to elicit other functional responses in neutrophils, such as chemokine production. This review recapitulates advances made in the area of interleukin-15/neutrophil interactions.