The development and validation of the Sense of Support Scale

Behav Med. 2000 Winter;25(4):169-79. doi: 10.1080/08964280009595746.


Two studies were conducted to develop and validate the Sense of Support Scale (SSS). Study 1, which consisted of scale development and an evaluation with a sample of corporate and university employees, supported the scale's internal consistency and construct validity. Study 2, which was conducted with a sample of undergraduate students, was designed to evaluate the revised and shortened version of the SSS. The scale was found to be internally consistent and had a high test-retest reliability. Concurrent validity was supported by significant correlations to the Social Provisions Scale and the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List. Construct validity was supported by significant positive correlations to hardiness and approach-coping and significant negative correlations to avoidance-coping, stress, and symptoms of illness. The relationship between the SSS and symptoms of illness supported a main effect rather than a stress-buffering model. Implications for using the SSS to investigate the influences of social support on health are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological / physiology
  • Adult
  • Attitude*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Social Support*
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology