Survival of synchronized Chinese hamster cells exposed to radiation of different linear-energy transfer

Int J Radiat Biol Relat Stud Phys Chem Med. 1975 Feb;27(2):105-20. doi: 10.1080/09553007514550121.


Chinese hamster V79 cells were exposed to ionizing radiations of a wide range of linear-energy transfer (LET), including 145kV x-rays and six different heavy ions accelerated in the Berkeley heavy-ion linear accelerator. The LET of the ions ranged from 19 keV/um to 2000 keV/um. Survival curves were determined for both synchronized and asynchronous cells, using survival of colony-forming capacity as the end-point. Results with asynchronous cultures were similar to results reported previously for mammalian cells. There was increased effectiveness of killing per dose with increased LET until a change in shape of the single-cell survival curves resulted, from sigmoidal to exponential, with carbon ions (LET of 190 keV/um). With heavier ions, exponential curves were obtained, but with decreased effectiveness per unit dose. Synchronized cultures were obtained by mitotic selection. The expected Chinese hamster cell-cycle survival curve variation was found for X-rays, mainly reflecting the variation in the single-cell extrapolation number, with late S-phase cells the most resistant to radiation. When synchronized cultures were irradiated with the heavy ions that produce exponential survival curves; the survival curves were independent of the cell-cycle time of irradiation. With radiations of LET values between the low and high extremes, a reduced cell-cycle survival curve variation was found, indicating a gradual reduction in the cell-cycle survival curve variation as a function of increased LET.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Division*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Survival / radiation effects
  • Cells, Cultured / radiation effects
  • Cricetinae
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
  • Energy Transfer
  • Ions
  • Lung
  • Radiation Effects
  • X-Rays


  • Ions