Fine mapping of quantitative trait loci using linkage disequilibria with closely linked marker loci

Genetics. 2000 May;155(1):421-30. doi: 10.1093/genetics/155.1.421.


A multimarker linkage disequilibrium mapping method was developed for the fine mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL) using a dense marker map. The method compares the expected covariances between haplotype effects given a postulated QTL position to the covariances that are found in the data. The expected covariances between the haplotype effects are proportional to the probability that the QTL position is identical by descent (IBD) given the marker haplotype information, which is calculated using the genedropping method. Simulation results showed that a QTL was correctly positioned within a region of 3, 1.5, or 0.75 cM in 70, 62, and 68%, respectively, of the replicates using markers spaced at intervals of 1, 0.5, and 0.25 cM, respectively. These results were rather insensitive to the number of generations since the QTL occurred and to the effective population size, except that 10 generations yielded rather poor estimates of the QTL position. The position estimates of this multimarker disequilibrium mapping method were more accurate than those from a single marker transmission disequilibrium test. A general approach for identifying QTL is suggested, where several stages of disequilibrium mapping are used with increasingly dense marker spacing.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Genetic Markers
  • Linkage Disequilibrium*
  • Mutagenesis
  • Quantitative Trait, Heritable*


  • Genetic Markers