As part of the National Human Exposure Assessment Survey (NHEXAS), residential pesticide storage and use patterns were evaluated in a population-based sample of Minnesota households with children aged 3-13. In-home interviews and inventories were conducted to identify pesticide products stored and used in and around 308 households. This statistically based sample represents more than 49,000 urban and rural households in the census tracts sampled. More than 850 unique products were identified using Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) registration numbers. Pesticide products were found in 97% and reported used in 88% of study households. Population-weighted mean values for pesticide storage and use were 6.0 and 3.1 products per household, respectively. The most common active ingredients found were diethyl toluamide (DEET) and related compounds, piperonyl butoxide, pyrethrins, dimethylamine 2-[2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyl propionate (MCPA) and chlorpyrifos. Household socio-demographic characteristics explained little of the variability in pesticide storage and use patterns, and there were no significant differences in residential storage and use patterns between households located in urban versus non-urban census tracts. Although the prevalence of households with pesticide products was similar to recent national surveys, observed storage and use rates were almost twice those obtained in recent national studies, reflecting improved inventory techniques used by this study and/or increased rates of pesticide presence and use in study households.