Urinary tract abnormalities in children with acute focal bacterial nephritis

BJU Int. 2000 May;85(7):885-8. doi: 10.1046/j.1464-410x.2000.00622.x.


Objective: To review the presentation, methods of diagnosis, and incidence of concomitant urological abnormalities in children with acute focal bacterial nephritis (AFBN, also known as lobar nephronia, a severe nonliquefactive infection involving one or more renal lobules).

Patients and methods: Sixteen children (age range 6 months to 9 years) diagnosed with AFBN over a 5-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Their age, gender, presenting symptoms, presence of urinary tract abnormalities, radiological imaging and treatment were assessed.

Results: All 16 children received intensive intravenous and oral antibiotics. Ten required intervention for predisposing conditions including vesico-ureteric reflux (four), bladder diverticulum (one), renal and peri-rectal abscess (two), ureteric or bladder calculi (two), and renal mass (one). In addition, three children had reflux not requiring surgery; one had multiple renal calyceal diverticula, one had Hinman syndrome and one had leukaemia.

Conclusion: Acute focal bacterial nephritis is being diagnosed with increasing frequency through increasing awareness and advances in imaging modalities. Active urological evaluation is warranted because of the high incidence of urinary tract abnormalities. In addition to antibiotics, intervention was needed in most children in this series.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Bacterial Infections / complications*
  • Bacterial Infections / diagnosis
  • Biopsy
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Nephritis / diagnosis
  • Nephritis / etiology*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Urinary Tract Infections / complications*
  • Urinary Tract Infections / diagnosis