Recommendations for extraction of chronically implanted transvenous pacing and defibrillator leads: indications, facilities, training. North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology Lead Extraction Conference Faculty

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2000 Apr;23(4 Pt 1):544-51. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8159.2000.tb00845.x.


The procedure of lead removal has recently matured into a definable, teachable art with its own specific tools and techniques. It is now time to recognize and formalize the practice of lead removal according to the current methods of medicine and the health care industry. In addition, since at this time the only prospective scientific study of lead extraction is the PLEXES trial, we suggest that studies relating to the techniques of and indications for lead extraction be designed. Recommendations for a common set of definitions, for a framework of training and reviewing physicians in the art, for general methods of reimbursement, and for consistency among clinical trials have been made. Implementation of these recommendations will require additional effort and cooperation from practicing physicians, medical societies, hospital administrations, and industry.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures
  • Catheterization, Peripheral* / methods
  • Catheterization, Peripheral* / standards
  • Defibrillators, Implantable*
  • Humans
  • Pacemaker, Artificial*
  • Prosthesis Failure*
  • Reoperation