Telemedicine in the control of intra-ocular pressure

J Telemed Telecare. 2000;6 Suppl 1:S126-8. doi: 10.1258/1357633001934410.

Abstract

Glaucoma is one of the most common causes of blindness in the Western world and a major risk factor is increased intra-ocular pressure. We therefore used telemedicine in its control. Patients measured their intra-ocular pressure several times a day with a portable instrument and the values were then entered into a portable digital assistant. These data were transmitted by a modem to a central server. If the intra-ocular pressure was pathologically high, an email message was automatically sent to the ophthalmologist. The pressure curve, including a statistical analysis, was displayed in an easily readable chart format. Ten patients with glaucoma participated in a trial. Self-tonometry with telemedicine enabled continuous evaluation of the patient by the ophthalmologist. This approach offered the advantage of controlling the treatment remotely. Advantages for the patient were that the measurements were easily done at home under normal conditions, and the patient could control when the measurement and data transmission would be performed. Telemedicine is a cost-effective technique enabling the early diagnosis of pathologically increased intra-ocular pressure.

MeSH terms

  • Glaucoma / diagnosis
  • Glaucoma / prevention & control*
  • Glaucoma / therapy
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure / physiology
  • Monitoring, Ambulatory / methods
  • Monitoring, Ambulatory / standards*
  • Self Care / methods
  • Self Care / standards*
  • Telemedicine / standards*