The intranuclear arrangement of human chromosome 12 in G0(G1) nuclei from human myeloid leukemia HL60 cells was analyzed by multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using band-specific cosmid clones as probes. Pairs of differently colored cosmids were detected on paraformaldehyde-fixed HL60 nuclei, and their relative positions, internal or peripheral, in individual nuclei were scored. Our results suggest that the intranuclear arrangement of human chromosome 12 is not random. Some chromosomal domains, including the centromere, were located in the periphery of the nucleus, while other domains, including the telomeres, were positioned in the internal areas of the nucleus in GO(G1) cells. Based on the replication banding patterns of metaphase spreads, human chromosome 12 was divided roughly into five large domains. Interestingly, the clones in late replicating domains were preferentially localized in the nuclear periphery, whereas clones in early replicating domains were arranged in the internal areas of the nuclei. The DNA replication timing of each cosmid determined by FISH-based assay did not reflect the replication bands, but an overall profile of the replication timing was relatively correlated with these domains on chromosome 12. These results suggest that the intranuclear arrangement of a human chromosome is correlated with the large-scale replication domains, even before DNA replication.