Death and injury caused by land mines in Burma

Sci Justice. 2000 Jan-Mar;40(1):21-5. doi: 10.1016/S1355-0306(00)71929-0.


One hundred and eighty-eight Burmese refugees in Thailand were interviewed. One hundred and five of those interviewed had knowledge of a total of 313 persons who had been exposed to land mine explosions. Twenty-three of the interviewed were land mine survivors. They were all male, aged between eight and 68 years, and all except one had been injured between 1986 and 1997. Fifteen of the 23 were civilians, eight were guerilla soldiers who were injured either in battle or while deploying or disarming land mines. Those who had stepped on land mines were all crus or femur amputated and had several scars on the lower limbs, abdomen and some also on the forearms. Those who had handled a land mine had lost either fingers or hands and one also lost both eyes. This study shows that the frequency of land mine accidents in Burma has been underestimated and that the mortality is high. The study also supports the general impression that many victims are civilians.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blast Injuries / mortality*
  • Child
  • Hand Injuries / mortality
  • Humans
  • Leg Injuries / mortality
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Military Personnel / statistics & numerical data
  • Morbidity
  • Myanmar / epidemiology
  • Warfare*