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. 1999 Dec 31;16(1-4):39-44.
doi: 10.1016/s1050-3862(99)00042-x.

Streptavidin-biotin Binding Energetics


Streptavidin-biotin Binding Energetics

P S Stayton et al. Biomol Eng. .


The high affinity energetics in the streptavidin-biotin system provide an excellent model system for studying how proteins balance enthalpic and entropic components to generate an impressive overall free energy for ligand binding. We review here concerted site-directed mutagenesis, biophysical, and computational studies of aromatic and hydrogen bonding interaction energetics between streptavidin and biotin. These results also have provided insight into how streptavidin builds a large activation barrier to dissociation by managing the enthalpic and entropic activation components. Finally, we review recent studies of the biotin dissociation pathway that address the fundamental question of how ligands exit protein binding pockets.

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