We observed an analphoid marker chromosome stable through cell division in a 16-year-old girl with developmental delay, short stature, limb contractures, and ovaries containing multiple cysts. She also developed myasthenia gravis at 15 years. The marker chromosome, present in 75% of metaphases (and in 90% of transformed lymphoblastoid cells), was C-band negative, and had no pan alpha-satellite sequences detectable by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The 8q origin of the marker was determined by use of subtelomeric probes and was confirmed by chromosome 8 painting probes. The marker was shown to be an inversion duplication of 8q when subtelomeric, telomeric, and c-myc FISH probes hybridized to both ends of the marker. The karyotype was 47,XX,+inv dup(8)(qter--> q23.3::q23.3-->[neocen]-->qter), resulting in tetrasomy for 8q23.3qter. The parents had normal karyotypes. Centromeric proteins CENP-C and CENP-E were present, but alpha associated centromere protein CENP-B was absent at a position defining a neocentromere.
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