Is prognostication in congenital diaphragmatic hernia possible without sophisticated investigations?

Indian J Pediatr. 1999 Jul-Aug;66(4):517-21. doi: 10.1007/BF02727160.


Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a complex disorder, in which the anatomical defect is only one part of the spectrum of disease. Hypoplasia of lung complicated by pulmonary hypertension and right to left shunting results in serious hypoxemia. Many factors, based on degree of alterations in respiratory physiology and involving analysis of blood gases and acid base systems, have been used in an attempt to prognosticate the outcome. Majority of these investigations are not available in a modest set up like ours. The case records of all 20 patients admitted and operated for congenital diaphragmatic hernia in pediatric surgery unit of Government Medical College Hospital, Jabalpur from 1978 to 1997 were reviewed retrospectively in an attempt to prognosticate without the sophisticated investigations. It was found that even in a very modestly equipped hospital it is possible to prognosticate--to some extent--the outcome in these cases. Major prognosticators found were APGAR score (if child born in hospital), late age of presentation, location of stomach and identification of hernial sac.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Hernia, Diaphragmatic / surgery
  • Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome