Altered expression of oligopeptide-binding protein (OppA) and aminoglycoside resistance in laboratory and clinical Escherichia coli strains

J Med Microbiol. 2000 May;49(5):409-413. doi: 10.1099/0022-1317-49-5-409.


Oligopeptide-binding protein (OppA) is the periplasmic component of the major oligopeptide transport system of enteric bacteria. Genetic and biochemical evidence suggests that OppA plays a role in the uptake of aminoglycoside antibiotics in Escherichia coli K-12. Forty-six (82%) of 56 aminoglycoside-resistant mutants of E. coli K-12 selected in vitro had reduced or undetectable OppA levels, as compared with their parent strain. Moreover, nine (36%) of 25 aminoglycoside-resistant clinical isolates of E. coli expressed reduced or undetectable levels of OppA. No decrease in OppA expression was observed among aminoglycoside-sensitive E. coli strains from patients. Twenty-three (42%) of 56 aminoglycoside-resistant mutants of E. coli K-12 and six (24%) of 25 clinical isolates also were deficient for expression of ornithine or arginine decarboxylases, or both, and these deficiencies might negatively affect OppA expression by reducing polyamine synthesis. These results support the view that reduced OppA expression is associated with aminoglycoside resistance in E. coli strains.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aminoglycosides
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Bacterial Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Blotting, Western
  • Carrier Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial / genetics
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Escherichia coli / drug effects
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / growth & development
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli Infections / microbiology
  • Escherichia coli Proteins
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Humans
  • Lipoproteins / biosynthesis*
  • Lipoproteins / genetics
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Mutation
  • Oligopeptides / biosynthesis
  • Oligopeptides / genetics


  • Aminoglycosides
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Escherichia coli Proteins
  • Lipoproteins
  • Oligopeptides
  • OppA protein, E coli
  • oligopeptide-binding protein, bacteria