Environmental medicine, part 2 - health effects of and protection from ubiquitous airborne solvent exposure

Altern Med Rev. 2000 Apr;5(2):133-43.


Chemicals known as solvents are part of a broad class of chemicals called volatile organic compounds. These compounds are used in a variety of settings, are ubiquitous, and off-gas readily into the atmosphere. Asa result of their overuse, they can be found in detectable level virtually all samples of both indoor and outdoor air. Certain of these compounds are detectable in adipose samples of all U.S. residents Once in the body they can lead to a variety of neurological, immunological, endocrinological, genitourinary, and hematopoietic problems. Some individuals also have metabolic defects that diminish the liver's clearing capacity for these compounds. Supplementation may be of benefit to help clear these compounds from the body and to prevent adverse health effects.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollutants / adverse effects*
  • Air Pollution, Indoor / adverse effects
  • Biotransformation / drug effects
  • Complementary Therapies
  • Environmental Exposure / adverse effects
  • Environmental Exposure / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Solvents / adverse effects*
  • Solvents / pharmacokinetics*
  • Xenobiotics / pharmacokinetics


  • Air Pollutants
  • Solvents
  • Xenobiotics