beta,beta-Carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase cleaves beta-carotene into two molecules of retinal and is therefore the key enzyme in beta-carotene metabolism to vitamin A. In the present study, it was possible to enrich the chicken beta,beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase to such an extent that partial amino acid sequence information could be obtained to design degenerate oligonucleotides. With RT-PCR a cDNA fragment could be obtained and used subsequently in a radioactive screening of a chicken duodenal expression library. We cloned the first eukaryotic beta,beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase which symmetrically cleaves beta-carotene at the 15,15'-double bond.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.