A brief smoking cessation intervention for women in low-income planned parenthood clinics

Am J Public Health. 2000 May;90(5):786-9. doi: 10.2105/ajph.90.5.786.


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a brief smoking cessation intervention for women 15 to 35 years of age attending Planned Parenthood clinics.

Methods: Female smokers (n = 1154) were randomly assigned either to advice only or to a brief intervention that involved a 9-minute video, 12 to 15 minutes of behavioral counseling, clinician advice to quit, and follow-up telephone calls.

Results: Seventy-six percent of those eligible participated. Results revealed a clear, short-term intervention effect at the 6-week follow-up (7-day self-reported abstinence: 10.2% vs 6.9% for advice only, P < .05) and a more ambiguous effect at 6 months (30-day biochemically validated abstinence: 6.4% vs 3.8%, NS).

Conclusions: This brief, clinic-based intervention appears to be effective in reaching and enhancing cessation among female smokers, a traditionally underserved population.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Ambulatory Care Facilities*
  • Counseling / methods*
  • Family Planning Services*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Oregon
  • Patient Education as Topic / methods*
  • Poverty*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Smoking Cessation / methods*
  • Smoking Prevention*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Women's Health Services*