A spirochete isolated from a case of severe virulent ovine foot disease is closely related to a Treponeme isolated from human periodontitis and bovine digital dermatitis

Vet Microbiol. 2000 Jun 1;74(3):249-57. doi: 10.1016/s0378-1135(00)00190-5.


The isolation of spirochetes from severe ovine foot disease has been reported recently by our research group. In this study we describe the preliminary classification of this spirochete based on nucleotide sequence analysis of the PCR-amplified 16S rRNA gene. Phylogenetic analysis of this sequence in comparison with other previously reported 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the spirochete belonged to the treponemal phylotype Treponema vincentii which has been associated with bovine digital dermatitis and human periodontal disease. Further work is required to define the common virulence determinants of these closely related treponemes in the aetiology of these tissue destructive diseases.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / isolation & purification
  • Electrophoresis, Agar Gel / veterinary
  • Foot Rot / classification
  • Foot Rot / microbiology*
  • Microscopy, Electron / veterinary
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Phylogeny*
  • Plasmids / chemistry
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / chemistry
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sheep
  • Sheep Diseases / classification
  • Sheep Diseases / microbiology*
  • Treponema / chemistry
  • Treponema / classification
  • Treponema / genetics*
  • Treponema / pathogenicity
  • Treponemal Infections / microbiology
  • Treponemal Infections / veterinary*
  • Virulence


  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S