Natural diversity in the N terminus of the mature vacuolating cytotoxin of Helicobacter pylori determines cytotoxin activity

J Bacteriol. 2000 Jun;182(11):3278-80. doi: 10.1128/jb.182.11.3278-3280.2000.


Naturally occurring noncytotoxic vacA type s2 strains of Helicobacter pylori have a 12-residue extension to the vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) compared with cytotoxic type s1 strains. We show that adding the region encoding this extension to type s1 vacA completely abolishes vacuolating cytotoxin activity but has no effect on VacA production.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / toxicity*
  • Bacterial Toxins / genetics
  • Bacterial Toxins / toxicity*
  • Cytotoxins / genetics
  • Cytotoxins / toxicity*
  • Genetic Variation
  • Helicobacter pylori / genetics*
  • Helicobacter pylori / pathogenicity*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Sorting Signals / genetics


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Bacterial Toxins
  • Cytotoxins
  • Protein Sorting Signals
  • VacA protein, Helicobacter pylori