Multidrug resistance in haematological malignancies

J Intern Med. 2000 May;247(5):521-34.


The development of refractory disease in acute myeloid or lymphoblastic leukaemias (AML, ALL) and multiple myeloma (MM) is frequently associated with the expression of one or several multidrug resistance (MDR) genes. MDR1, MRP1 and LRP have been identified as important adverse prognostic factors in AML, T-ALL and MM. Recently, it has become possible to reverse clinical multidrug resistance by blocking P-glycoprotein-mediated drug efflux. The potential relevance of these reversal agents of MDR and potential new approaches to treat refractory disease are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 / metabolism
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Cyclosporins / pharmacology*
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple / genetics*
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / genetics*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Gene Expression
  • Genes, MDR / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics*
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / genetics*
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / metabolism
  • Multiple Myeloma / drug therapy
  • Multiple Myeloma / genetics*
  • Multiple Myeloma / metabolism


  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Cyclosporins
  • Enzyme Inhibitors