Prevalence of Delayed Hypersensitivity to the European Standard Series in a Self-Selected Population

Australas J Dermatol. 2000 May;41(2):86-9. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-0960.2000.00400.x.

Abstract

There are limited reports of the prevalence of positive reactions in healthy adults to patch tests with standard allergens; there are no recent comprehensive studies from Australia. Healthy adult volunteers (n = 219) from the Western Australian community were patch tested using the European standard series of allergens. Seventy-seven (35%) reacted to at least one allergen, positive patch tests being most prevalent to nickel sulfate (20%), potassium dichromate (9%), cobalt chloride (6%) and fragrance mix (4%). Prevalence of positive patch tests to nickel and chromate was higher than that reported for another healthy population, which may stem from self-selection of volunteers or geographical differences, including extent of exposure to allergens.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Allergens / adverse effects
  • Caustics / adverse effects
  • Cobalt / adverse effects
  • Dermatitis, Allergic Contact / epidemiology*
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Irritants / adverse effects
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nickel / adverse effects
  • Patch Tests / methods
  • Patient Selection
  • Perfume / adverse effects
  • Potassium Dichromate / adverse effects
  • Prevalence
  • Western Australia / epidemiology

Substances

  • Allergens
  • Caustics
  • Irritants
  • Perfume
  • Cobalt
  • nickel sulfate
  • Nickel
  • cobaltous chloride
  • Potassium Dichromate