Dyspepsia in the general population in Jordan

Indian J Gastroenterol. Apr-Jun 2000;19(2):68-70.

Abstract

Objective: To assess the prevalence of dyspeptic symptoms in the general population of Jordan.

Methods: We selected families of final year students at the two medical schools in Jordan to represent the general population. The students were instructed to complete questionnaires for all their family members and all members of the close family above the age of 15 years living in the area. The questionnaire enquired about dyspeptic symptoms in the previous 12 months. Information about any chronic disease, medications used frequently, previous operations and cigarette smoking was obtained.

Results: Of 2254 completed questionnaires, dyspeptic symptoms were reported in 1354 (60.1%) during the previous 12 months. Heartburn was present in 1111 (49.3%), abdominal distension in 1224 (54.3%), recurrent abdominal pain with ulcer-like characters in 450 (20%), discomfort following meals in 316 (14%), symptoms related to fatty foods in 359 (15.9%) and symptoms related to ingestion of lactose-containing foods in 96 (4.3%).

Conclusion: Dyspeptic symptoms are highly prevalent in Jordan. This may have an impact on the economy and health resources.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Dyspepsia / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Jordan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires