Group B coxsackieviruses are etiologically linked to many human diseases, and cell surface receptors are postulated to play an important role in mediating their pathogenesis. The coxsackievirus adenovirus receptor (CAR) has been shown to function as a receptor for selected strains of coxsackievirus group B (CVB) serotypes 3, 4, and 5 and is postulated to serve as a receptor for all six serotypes. In this study, we demonstrate that CAR can serve as a receptor for laboratory reference strains and clinical isolates of all six CVB serotypes. Infection of CHO cells expressing human CAR results in a 1000-fold increase in CVB progeny virus titer compared to mock transfected cells. CAR was shown to be a functional receptor for swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV), as CHO-CAR cells but not CHO mock transfected controls were susceptible to SVDV infection, produced progeny SVDV, and developed cytopathic effects. Moreover, SVDV infection could be specifically blocked by monoclonal antibody to CAR (RmcB). SVDV infection of HeLa cells was also inhibited by an anti-CD55 MAb, suggesting that this virus, like some CVB, may interact with CD55 (decay accelerating factor) in addition to CAR. Finally, pretreatment of CVB or SVDV with soluble CAR effectively blocks virus infection of HeLa cell monolayers.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.